bignspr is an R Package for the analysis of massive SNP arrays. It enhances the features of package bigstatsr for the purpose of analysing genotype data.

Quick demo



# For the CRAN version
## Coming soon

# For the current development version

# For the first version (depending on package bigmemory)
devtools::install_github("privefl/bigstatsr", ref = "v-bigmemory")
devtools::install_github("privefl/bigsnpr",   ref = "v-bigmemory")

Input format

For now, this package only read bed/bim/fam files (PLINK preferred format) using snp_readBed. Before reading into this package’s special format, quality control and conversion can be done using PLINK, which can be called directly from R using snp_plinkQC and snp_plinkIBDQC.

I use a class called bigSNP for representing infos on massive SNP arrays. One bigSNP has at least 3 elements:

  • genotypes: A FBM.code256. Rows are samples and columns are SNPs. This corresponds to the “bed” file, but each element is encoded on 8 bits rather than only 2 bits for PLINK binary files, which allows for storing more information, without taking too much disk space.
  • fam: A data.frame containing some information on the SNPs (read from the “.fam” file).
  • map: A data.frame giving some information on the individuals (read from the “.bim” file).

Possible upcoming features

  • Support for other input formats. Note that there is room for coding allele dosages (rounded to two decimal places). See bigsnpr:::CODE_DOSAGE.
  • Imputation of probabilities and multiple imputation.
  • An interactive QC procedure (call rates, difference of missingness between cases and controls, MAF cutoff, relatedness, HWE, autosomal only, others?).
  • Proper integration of haploid species.

Bug report

Please open an issue if you find a bug. If you want help using bigstatsr, please post on Stack Overflow with the tag bigstatsr (not yet created). How to make a great R reproducible example?

Code of conduct

Please note that this project is released with a Contributor Code of Conduct. By participating in this project you agree to abide by its terms.